Zakat is “mandatory form of alms for all Muslims who are able to pay it, and is one of the five pillars of Islam. Through Zakat, Muslims are required to give a proportion – traditionally defined as one-fortieth, or 2.5% – of their accumulated wealth after it has been in their possession for a lunar year for the benefit of the poor or needy (and other recipients), in addition to a small annual payment (Zakat al-Fitr) during Ramadan.” Act of Faith, 2015.
Zakat Questions & Answers
UNRWA’s food and cash assistance programme provides regular support to the most vulnerable refugees living in abject poverty, and in particular those who cannot meet their basic needs. In Syria, this means around 430,000 people, who due to repeated displacements and the erosion of social and economic capital are now completely reliant on humanitarian assistance, and received cash assistance in 2017. In Jordan and Lebanon, 85-95 per cent of Palestine refugees are now food insecure and face extremely limited economic opportunities. And in Gaza, where employment opportunities have been stifled by the decade-old blockade – the unemployment rate remains among the highest worldwide – and almost one million Palestine refugees are dependent on UNRWA for emergency food assistance, a tenfold increase on the 100,000 that required such support in 2000.